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2018年6月英语四级阅读真题,2018年6月四级阅读考试第一套解析

  二零一八年上7个月全国高端学园丹麦语四六级考试于10月二二十一日开展,乐乎教育24小时全程关怀,为您带来第一手四六级考试资源信息。以下为斯拉维尼亚语四级阅读详明:

  Section C

  2018年上八个月全国高级学园匈牙利(Hungary卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎语四六级考试于五月十四日进展,博客园教导24小时全程关切,为你带给第一手四六级考试资源消息。以下为部分法文四级阅读真题:

  Passage One

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Section A

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Passage One

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  C) consequence K) intended

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  E) creating M) pollutants

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  F) detail N) restricted

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  G) domestic O) sum

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  H) frequently

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  Section C(第一套)

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  Passage One

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic。 There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  题干关键词为memory slips,slip意思为小错误,可牢固到原版的书文第生机勃勃段第二句和第三句。结合题干和最早的文章可以知道,回忆的小错误不要全都以颅内肉瘤的症状,而恐怕是出于年纪大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原来的作品中的signs为相近替换。

  46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  47.C) Communication within our brain weakens

  剖析:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到散文第风流浪漫段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和最早的小说可以预知,回忆的小错误不要全都以愚蠢的病症,而只怕是由于年龄大。symptoms和signs为同风姿洒脱替换。顾答案选用A。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  题干意思为随着年华增大,将会时有发生哪些变动。依据出题顺序,第二段还没关联变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,脑部细胞的变型会默化潜移大脑差异区域间的关联。此和C选项为同样替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的关系会收缩。

  47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines

  拆解分析:根据各样原则对应随笔定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与定位句同义,顾答案C。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  题干意思为哪意气风发部分病症应该被认真对待。关键词为symptoms和take seriously。第四段有far more concerning,意为严正关怀,可以知道答案在第五段。本段列举了多少个例子,叁个是忘记了一些常常的事物举例烤箱的操作,八个是忘记了哪些驾车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了什么样去操作平常的生机勃勃部分等因奉此。相符例子的特点。因而选A。

  48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve

  拆解剖析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以致take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案选用A。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  题干意思为,当严重的记得退化现身的时候,应该做哪些?可牢固到第6段最后一句“defense against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive reserve。”符合A选项描述。

  49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally

  解析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到尾数第二段率先句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎ reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  据advice可定位到最风姿罗曼蒂克段。遵照最后两句话可以预知既有心机的也可能有体力的建议。适合D选项的陈说。

  50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。

  B) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  来源:新东方

  深入分析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到文章最终一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  小编:艾哈迈达巴德新东方陈树通先生

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  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  Section C(第二套)

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