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近四年考研波兰语翻译真题周到分析,英译汉练习一月三二十日

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  2007

第041句

The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases such as the trial of Rosemary.

译文:政坛将禁绝报社向证人支付薪金,那一个报社试图买通涉及诸如罗斯Mary审判等名牌案件的知恋人。

点睛:be to do表未来,该句用is to ban表示“将在禁止”的定义。由介词by可见,newspapers是开荒payments的一方。今后分词短语seeking to...作newspapers的前置定语,个中buy up意为“收购;尽量选购”。过去分词短语involved in.作后置定语约束people,such as...比如表达prominent cases。

考试之处归结:与动词buy相关的周围短语还应该有:

  • buy time争取时间,设法拖延
    Tell them we've got problems with the machine;it might buy us more time.
    报告他们我们的机器出了难题,那样可以多分得些时间。

  • buy into买进(集团的股份卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)
    Mr. Green used the money to buy into a printing business。
    Green先生投资了一家印厂。

  • buy out全体收购
    Our company planned to buy out our competitor.
    咱俩集团策画收购大家的角逐对手。

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  (1)Traditionally, legal learning has been viewed in such institutions as the special preserve of lawyers, rather than a necessary part of the intellectual equipment of an educated person.

第042句

Traditionally legal leaming has been viewed in such institutions the special preserve of lawyers, rather than a necessary part of the intellectual equipment of an educated person.

译文:古板上,在这里些大学中,法律学习一向被看作是律师的特权,而非受过教育之人必备的学问素养。

点睛:traditionally为整句的状语。preserve此处为名词,意为“某个人专有的移动、爱好”。rather than...为主语补足语。

考试的场馆总结:与副词rather相关的宽泛短语还会有:

  • would rather宁愿,宁可
    I'd rather have a quiet night, reading my favorite
    book.午夜自身宁可安静地看自身喜欢的书。

  • or rather更确切地说
    You have to be eighteen for cheap tickets-or rather under eighteen.
    你必得是18岁技巧买实惠的票——更适于地说,是不满18岁。

  • not...but rather...不是…而是…
    We don’t discuss such problems, but rather deal with them。大家不是探讨那类难题,而是要消除它们。

  我们事先说过,复习考研[微博]拉脱维亚语要侧重真题,在记念词汇和练习阅读明白、翻译题的时候要整合真题做搭配记念,并辅以相应的演习,上面大家就以真题为例,从当中选拔出轻易并发的考试之处,让二〇一五的考生更加深刻地领悟“搭配回忆”法。

  评析: 从全句角度去把握意思,而非拘泥于某一个词,是做翻译不便于完成的地步。本句有institutions和preserve 都轻便混淆如哪管理。

第043句

On the other, it links these concepts to everyday realities in a manner which is parallel to the links journalists forge on a daily basis as they cover and comment on the news.

译文:其他方面,它将这么些古板与平日生活的莫过于联系起来,就不啻新闻报道工作者在通信和评价消息时,将其与生存创建起联系同样。

点睛:句中第1个link为动词,和介词to构成短语link...to...,表示“将…和…联系起来”。in a manner...为句子的主意状语,此中which携带的是以manner为先行词的定语从句。be parallel to意为“与…相同;平行”。journalists forge...是以名词links为先行词的定语从句,此中as指引的是该定语从句的胎元状语从句。

  【相关真题】

  难题:词义的处理和固守上下文

第044句

But the idea that the journalist must understand the law more profoundly than an ordinary citizen rests on an understanding of the established conventions and special responsibilities of the news media.

译文:可是,认为音信工作者必需比日常平民更深刻地知道法律的见识,是依附对音讯媒体的既定惯例和非常义务的接头。

点睛:that教导的是idea的同位语从句,个中包罗相比结构more...than...。主句的谓语动词是rests。of the established...news media作宾语an understanding的前置定语。短语rest on此处意为“创设在…的根基上;基于”。须要介意的是,rest on sth.作此意讲时不用于被动语态。

考试的地点归结:与动词rest相关的广泛短语还应该有:

  • let the matter rest不再商量某件事
    You could go on arguing, but I think you'd better let the matter rest.
    你们能够争论下去,但本人觉着你们最好别再讨伦这几个主题素材了。

  • not rest until...直到...才罢休
    They will not rest until the murderer is found.
    找不到杀人杀手他们决不罢休。

  • rest with由…负责
    The final decision rests with the manager.
    最终的调控由经营做出。

  1.①Politics or, more broadly, the functioning of the state, is a major subject for journalists.②The better informed they are about the way the state works, the better their reporting will be.③In fact, it is difficult to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories.

  入眼:rather than 的含义是选项关系

第045句

In fact, it is difficult to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories.

译文:实际上,很难知晓那多少个对《加拿大商法》的着力特征缺少清楚精通的新闻报道工作者怎样能白手成家政治消息报纸发表职业的。

点睛:it为句子的花样主语,真正的主语是不定式结构to see...。how指导的是see的宾语从句,此中who指引的是以journalists为先行词的定语从句。grasp在句中作名词,意为“明白,明白”。

  2.①Furthermore, the legal system and the events which occur within it are primary subjects for journalists.②While the quality of legal journalism varies greatly, there is an undue reliance amongst many journalists on interpretations supplied to them by lawyers.③While comment and reaction from lawyers may enhance stories, it is preferable for journalists to rely on their own notions of significance and make their own judgments.④These can only come from a well-grounded understanding of the legal system.

  翻译:古板上的话,医学知识一贯被认为是律师们的专利,而非受过教育的公众必备的知识武装。

  【高频考试的场面】

  (2) On the other, it links these concepts to everyday realities in a manner which is parallel to the links journalists forge on a daily basis as they cover and comment on the news.

  1.广义上说:…, more broadly,…

  评析: 那句话的关键在于对which剧中人物的明亮,其实是关系了左右的links,并作出相比

  2.对……紧缺清楚通晓:do not have a clear grasp of…

  难题:从句不长,要把修饰关系理清楚,links同期也是forge的宾语

  3.能雏鹰展翅职业:can do a competent job

  重点:从句,还有cover,forge的翻译

  4.某一个人过于信赖某一件事:there is an undue reliance amongst somebody on something

  翻译:另一面,法律关系把常常生活和这一个概念联系起来的不二秘技,与采访者们在日常根基上,在简报和批评新闻是维系这两个的方法很相似。

  5.扩大广播发表的传说性:enhance stories

  (3) But the idea that the journalist must understand the law more profoundly than an ordinary citizen rests on an understanding of the established conventions and special responsibilities of the new media.

  6.某个人更乐于做有些事:it is preferable for somebody to do something

  评析: 表示因果关系的动词考研平日重复 ,有lie/rest/depend with/upon 平时翻成“决意于”,“正视于”

  7.对重要事件的理解:notions of significance

  难题:established 是“深根固柢”的野趣

  8.对某一件事的固然知晓:a well-grounded understanding of something

  入眼:长修饰语的相继,那一点始终会是重大,大家确定很了解的施用,idea这几个同位语从句的管理。同位语从句日常在that前面有完整的主谓宾结构,定语从句则紧缺主语或者宾语。

  【翻译演习】

  翻译:不过以为新闻报道人员必需比普通寻常人家更纯熟法律的视角,首要来自于对新闻媒体久已有之的历史观和不相同平常义务的掌握。

  1.①Politics or, more broadly, the functioning of the state, is a major subject for journalists.

  (4) In fact, it is difficult to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories.

  ②The better informed they are about the way the state works, the better their reporting will be.

  评析: 那句话最规范的正是它的款型主语,日常直接翻真实主语,方式主语忽视不计。

  ③In fact, it is difficult to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories.

  难点:grasp是通晓的野趣,stories纵然轻松,日常要基于蜷句翻成“事件”,job翻成“广播发表”,因为是说的采访者的劳作。全句的结构要流畅。

  结构提醒:to see how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories才是真正的主语,how journalists who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution can do a competent job on political stories是see的宾语从句,who do not have a clear grasp of the basic features of the Canadian Constitution是journalists的定语从句。

  入眼:长修饰语顺序的操纵和符合普通话表达习贯。

  2.①Furthermore, the legal system and the events which occur within it are primary subjects for journalists.

  翻译:事实上,极丑见对加拿大刑法的核心个性缺少通晓的电视采访者能对政治事件作出具备角逐性的报纸发表。

  ②While the quality of legal journalism varies greatly, there is an undue reliance amongst many journalists on interpretations supplied to them by lawyers.

  (5) While comment and reaction from lawyers may enhance stories, it is preferable for journalists to rely on their own notions of significance and make their own judgments.

  ③While comment and reaction from lawyers may enhance stories, it is preferable for journalists to rely on their own notions of significance and make their own judgments.

  评析: 和上句相似,方式主语,小词的拍卖是最不好做的。

  ④These can only come from a well-grounded understanding of the legal system.

  难题:notions of significance 是“是非观,金钱观”的意趣,很难完结这一步

  【仿照效法译文】

  入眼:preferable,enhance的管理要符合中文习贯

  1.①政治,可能广义上说,国家的功用,是新闻采访者报纸发表的叁个至关心重视要方面。

  翻译:虽则来自律师的评说和影响能使事件的电视发表增色不菲,采访者们注重投机的是是非非观念去作出本人的论断则更为可取。

  ②他们对国家的做事机制领会得越来越多,他们得电视发表就越卓越。

  最终要附带说说做题的格局,划线句子是得分的机要,不划线的一些通常不用看,除非在涂抹句子中的主要地方现身了代词,平常便是指主语是代词,那么最佳把前边一句非划线部分的语句读清楚,经常就能够得出结论了。做题的时光最棒永不越过20分钟,纵然得以在15分钟以内把标题做完就最好。

  ③事实上,很难设想那个对加拿大刑事诉讼法的主导要义缺乏清楚理解的新闻新闻报道人员何以能胜任政治新闻的通信工作。

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  2.①其他,法律系统及中间暴发的事件是新闻报道工作者报导的主旨。

    越多新闻请访谈:和讯考研频道 考研论坛 考研博客圈

  ②纵然法律报导的成色文不对题,然则,非常多访员都过度依赖律师提供给她们的分解。

  极度表达:由于各个区域面情状的不仅仅调度与转移,新浪网所提供的有着考试消息仅供参谋,敬请考生以权威部门宣布的正统新闻为准。

  ③就算律师的意见和反应会提升报纸发表的成色,但报事人最佳凭仗他们友善对首要事件的知晓自行做出判别。

  ④成就那些,只可以借助对法律体系深刻正确的接头。

  “搭配回主张”对我们回想单词、攻下翻译题有相当的大的支持,但其他神奇的点子都必要在浓烈的演习中听得多了就能说的详细,希望大家在后来的复习进度中,能依据这种艺术把真题吃透,滴水成河,你会意识功用实在不错!

  小说来源:文都教育

本文由澳门新蒲京娱乐诚发布于机构组织,转载请注明出处:近四年考研波兰语翻译真题周到分析,英译汉练习一月三二十日

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